- The spider plant is the best indoor plant with low maintenance and highly adaptable with more tolerance capacity.
- It is perfect choice for the beginners who don’t necessarily have a green thumb.
- Spider plants are very tough and they can take lot of abuse.
- With all these properties, it is very desirable plant to add to our home.
The three important points which you need to consider for the Spider plant care and maintenance, they are as follows:
1. BEST LOCATION
2. BASIC SPIDER PLANT CARE
3. DEALING WITH COMMON PROBLEMS
1. HOW TO CHOOSE THE BEST LOCATION:
- Choosing a well-draining soil or potting mix is important to make the spider plant grow healthy.
- The spider plant is a plant with low maintenance, it is not very important to go for high quality based soil.
- It can grow well with selective potting mix like vermiculite or coco coir for indoor spider plant, this Potting mix is best because it have properties to absorb the water to great extent and it can drain out the excess water too.
- The pot should also have some holes to drain off the excess water.
- In case of outdoor spider plant the area with well draining soil which contains sand will be the best location.
- Spider plant likes bright, indirect sunlight. It need not be provided with large amount of natural light. Having these properties it can also sustain well in low light areas like bed rooms and bathrooms.
- Outdoor spider plant should have moderate to deep shade during the day.
- Avoid too much direct sunlight which may damage the leaves of the plant.
TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY:
- The favorable temperature range for spider is 50 – 80℉ (10 – 27 ℃). The minimum temperature should not be less than 45℉. The spider plant cannot take the temperature fluctuations too much where the temperature widely changes or reaches extremes, in this case it is better to place the spider plant indoor.
- The spider plant go well in humid climates too. It is one of the best quality of the plant, so one can add it to there bed rooms and bathrooms.
2. ADMINISTERING BASIC SPIDER PLANT CARE AND MAINTENANCE
- The spider plant doesn’t need more water basically.
- One should water the plant depending on the moisture content of the soil. Just poke the soil,if the soil is dry then water the plant thoroughly and allow excess water to drain off.
- If you have watered thoroughly it can even survive for one week without water.
- It is always better to water the spider plant with distilled or purified water, rain water is also a best option.
- Spider plants are very sensitive to excess salt concentrations like fluoride and chlorine levels, as these can damage the root system and destroy your plant. To avoid this, it is very important to use distilled or purified or rain water.
- The water we use should be in room temperature because cold or hot water may shock your plant or weaken them.
- Feeding the spider plant during the active growth seasons such as spring and summer is favorable to the plant because it requires more nutrients at the period of active growth.
- Fertilize the spider plant 1 to 2 times per month during spring and summer.
- Feeding the spider plant with all purpose feed or liquid fertilizer is best thing to do.
- Follow the directions on the fertilizer bottle to know the usage properly, do not overuse because it may cause fertilizer burn and damage the foliage.
- Avoid fertilizing the spider plant during winters.
RE-POTTING IN SPIDER PLANT CARE:
- Transplant your spider plant when the roots are overgrown from the container and it will become hard to water the plant, at this point you need to REPOT it into a large container in the spring season.
- Be sure to provide fresh potting mix and choose a container with draining holes to keep the plant from becoming waterlogged.
- After the re-potting is done, the spider plant look more beautiful and striking.
PROPAGATION IN SPIDER PLANT CARE:
- It is the process of multiplying the plants with the help of the mother plant (flowers, roots, stems etc.)
The process of propagation in spider plant can be done by following two methods.
- The first method of propagating the spider plant is by choosing the healthy plant which produce long wiry stems with little plantlets at the end. The newly formed spiderettes can be removed and placed on the top of moist potting soil where the root formation can happen fast, then it will grow into a new plant.
- The second method is to plant the spiderettes into the soil around the mother spider plant itself and create a bushy look, this type of propagation is more favorable for the outdoors.
3. HOW TO DEAL WITH COMMON PROBLEMS:
- Actually it is not a problem to worry because it is quite normal. If you notice brown leaf tips or dead leaves, you should remove them or else u can trim dead leaf tips or leaves with scissors.
- By the process of pruning the plant energy can be directed towards growing healthy leaves.
- Be sure to use distilled or purified water for your spider plant, browning the leaf edges or dead leaves is a sign of accumulation of salts in the potting mix.
- Occasionally spider plants are affected by white flies, spider mites, scales and aphids.
- Signs of spider mites include dull, graying leaves and curly substances on the undersides of leaves, in this case treat the spider plant with natural pesticide.
- In some cases we can naturally avoid these problems by providing good air circulation, adequate water and bright light.
HEAL BLEACHED LEAVES:
- Leaves and stems that are faded or bleached indicate too much of sun exposure.
- Heal bleached leaves by reducing the rate of direct sun exposure. In case of indoor spider plant, move it away from windows so that it receives indirect light rather than direct sunlight.
- In case of outdoor spider plant, transplant it to a shadier location or place it near by tall plant to provide shade.